Gyula Klima
Professor of Philosophy 
CV: DOC; PDF)(List of Publications)
Philosophy, Fordham University 
109 Collins Hall
Office: (718) 817-3286

US site:
Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics


  1. John Buridan on the Acquisition of Simple Substantial Concepts
  2. The Medieval Problem of Universals in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  3. Old Directions in Free Logic
  4. Ontological Alternatives vs. Alternative Semantics
  5. Ancilla Theologiae vs. Domina Philosophorum: St. Thomas Aquinas, Latin Averroism and the Autonomy of Philosophy
  6. Approaching Natural Language Via Mediaeval Logic
  7. Aquinas' Theory of the Copula
  8. Natural Necessity and Eucharistic Theology in the Late 13th Century
  9. Aquinas on One and Many
  10. St. Anselm's Proof
  11. Buridan's Logic and the Ontology of Modes
  12. Thomas of Sutton on the Nature of the Intellective Soul and the Thomistic Theory of Being


  1. Reply (PDF) to Tony Roark on “Tarski and Klima: Conceptual Closure in Anselm’s Proof” (PDF)
  2. Contemporary 'Essentialism' vs. Aristotelian Essentialism
  3. Comments on Klima, Contemporary "Essentialism" vs. Aristotelian Essentialism, by Michael Kremer 
  4. Reply to Michael Kremer
  5. "Nulla virtus cognoscitiva circa proprium obiectum decipitur" comments on Robert Pasnau: "The Identity of Knower and Known"
  6. Review of Anthony Kenny: Aquinas on Mind
  7. Comments on Peter King: "The Failure of Ockham's Nominalism"
  8. Reply to David Burrell's comments on "Man = Body + Soul: Aquinas's Arithmetic of Human Nature"
  9. "What can a scholastic do in the 21st century?"
  10. Comments on Jack Zupko: "Philosophy Among the Artistae : A Late-Medieval Picture of the Limits of Rational Inquiry"
  11. Semantic Complexity and Syntactic Simplicity in Ockham's Mental Language comments on Yiwei Zheng: Ockham's Connotation Theory and Ontological Elimination
  12. On whether id quo nihil maius cogitari potest is in the intellect


  1. Yale Lectures 
  2. Cajetanus: De Nominum Analogia (scanned and proofread by Josh Hochschild; if you notice any remaining errors, please bring them to my attention and I'll make the corrections)
  3. Josh Hochschild: “The Semantics of Analogy According to Thomas De Vio Cajetan’s De Nominum Analogia”(containing an English translation of Cajetan’s work)
  4. Mediaeval Logic and Philosophy
  5. Summa Theologica
  6. De Ente et Essentia
  7. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  8. Aquinas: On the Principles of Nature
  9. Aquinas: On Being and Essence
  10. Episteme Links
  11. Some texts of Aquinas in Latin and some more

Work in progress

The Logic and Metaphysics of John Buridan – a monograph for Oxford University Press

Tradition and Innovation in Medieval Theories of Mental Representation

Quine, Wyman, and Buridan: Three Approaches to Ontological Commitment

The Universality of Logic and Mental Language in Buridan

The Essentialist Nominalism of John Buridan

Singular Beings, Universal Natures”, for the Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy (ed. by S. McGrade)

Tracing the Via Buridani in Scotland”, From Medieval to Early Modem Thought: The Historical Routes of Transmission, Nijmegen University June 6-8, 2002

John Buridan and the Force/Content Distinction”, for the 14th European Symposium on Medieval Logic and Semantics, Rome, June 11-15, 2002